您现在的位置 :
国际木文化学会 > 主题 > 学术研究 > 研讨会 > 2017世界木材日研讨会 > 2017世界木材日研讨会——The Transfer of Wood Technologies across the Continents – The Case of the 17th-Century Colony of New Sweden in North America
2017世界木材日研讨会——The Transfer of Wood Technologies across the Continents – The Case of the 17th-Century Colony of New Sweden in North America
国际木文化学会 | 269 view(s) | 2018/11/27

会议时间:2017年3月22—24日
会议地点:美国·洛杉矶·长滩会议娱乐中心
演讲嘉宾:Visa IMMONEN,芬兰赫尔辛基大学


摘要:The efficiency of wood technologies – i.e. forestry, timber architecture, and woodworking tools – is dependent on the ecological conditions in which they are utilized. When the European colonizers arrived on the eastern shores of North America in the 17th century, they were mostly from Central and West European countries with wood technologies best suited for moderate climates. However, the Swedish and Finnish settlers that came from continental and subarctic climates were endowed with wood technologies that functioned better in the newly colonized regions. The present paper discusses the material traces that Nordic wood technologies left in North America, especially in timber architecture. Although there is a long scholarly debate whether the oldest wooden cabins in the Northeastern United States are of German or Nordic origin, it is evident that the 17th-century settlers from Sweden and Finland were very efficient in exploiting the new territories. Moreover, the technological similarities that they shared with the Native Americans also facilitated cultural transfer between the two populations. The same ecology-based roots of cultural affinity became relevant even in the late 19th century, when a wave of Finnish immigrants arrived in Michigan and forged exceptionally good relations with the local native populations. Wood ecology and the concomitant wood technology formed a basis for cultural encounters.



编辑:刘菊