| 1173 view(s) | 2019/07/23
University of Applied Arts Vienna, Austria
摘要：“Conceptual Joining” is a research project at the University of Applied Arts Vienna funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
Project Lead: Christoph Kaltenbrunner
Mentors: Karin Raith, Anja Jonkhans
Researchers: Lukas Allner, Daniela Kr?hnert, Clemens Preisinger, Philipp Reinsberg, Mechthild Weber
Besides its obvious ecological advantages, wood has a significant artistic potential and structural intelligence. Its fibrous directional structure — being able to handle multiple forces — offers a vast potential for complex performative geometries derived from and optimized to material logic. Experimentation on traditional joining techniques enhanced by parametric computer control and contemporary tools of fabrication result in novel design strategies for configurations and structures that can provide usable architectural systems and perceivable spaces. In this material‐oriented method of designing enhanced modes of contemporary articulation of wooden structures are explored.
In this paper the materialist design method of conceptual joining is presented on the example of two distinct projects, Branch Formations and Interlocking Spaces.
The inherent material properties such as grain direction, can be used as generative parameters for innovative timber structures. With the possibilities of 3D‐ scanning and Computer Tomography, the anatomy of wood can be exploited as a design driver for spatial structures. This project introduces a design concept of utilizing natural forked branches as components in structural frameworks.
‐Understanding the (complex and) irregular parts of trees as a potential.
‐Studies of geometrical combination principles of branch nodes and the spatial as well as the functional potential of the resulting formations.
‐The esthetics of the material logic translated into geometry leading to complex organizational and structural principles
This project is based on the results of a student workshop led by structural designer Prof. Jun Sato of Tokyo University together with the Conceptual Joining team. It represents an experimental investigation of spatial wooden structures that are based on the concept of Kigumi, the carpentry craft of interlocking joints in traditional Japanese Architecture. This work aims at taking advantage of the intelligence of woodcrafting embedded into a contemporary design process utilizing (computer) technology.
‐Contemporary interpretation of traditional Japanese Kigumi architecture
‐Architectural structure characterized by a high level of irregularity that can be perceived as “naturalness” (Jun Sato)
‐Detail and structural system: Traditional techniques inform digital workflow
‐digital techniques allow for control and evaluation of the complex geometrical configuration and precise manufacturing
‐Prototype for a contemporary architectural principle defined by an esthetics of craft