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国际木文化学会 > 主题 > 学术研究 > 研讨会 > 2021世界木材日研讨会 > Stockmühle revisited – Reconstruction of a historical watermill during the WWD 2019
国际木文化学会 > 主题 > 木材 > Stockmühle revisited – Reconstruction of a historical watermill during the WWD 2019
Stockmühle revisited – Reconstruction of a historical watermill during the WWD 2019
国际木文化学会 | 268 view(s) | 2021/06/29

会议名称:“2021世界木材日”研讨会暨第三届国际林联(IUFRO) 林产品文化研究组讨论会
会议时间:2021年3月22日

报告嘉宾:Michael Grabner
嘉宾简介:Senior Scientist of University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences BOKU Vienna, Austria

摘要:

The “Stockmühle”, also known locally as the “Flottermühle”, is the oldest type of a watermill in Austria to grind grain. This special type of watermill with a horizontal waterwheel is nowadays just known in the south-western part of Austria in very steep valleys. The main places are Kals (7 mills), Apriach (8 mills) and Mallnitz (5 mills). According to current knowledge, this type of mill was probably invented in the high mountain regions of Asia Minor. In their present form, they are likely to be about 250 to 300 years old.

During the World Wood Day event in March 2019 in Stuebing the structure of a “Stockmühle” was reconstructed in cooperation of various international handicrafts and craftsmen from the museum.

The original mill was visited to survey the building. A 3D laserscan was performed to get a digital model of the mill and the grinding-machine. The reconstruction was done on basis of the idealised measurements – not following deformations etc.

The main part of work of the WWD Grant project was the precise documentation of the reconstruction of the mill (in whole). Erwin Urdl was leading a team of international specialists - Pierre Cabrolier, Mark Griffith, Joe Thompson, Ola Hjelen, Jaques Vesery, Andy Cheng, Elli Richards, Chung-Sheng Kung, Yuan-Chang Chen, Chien-Wen Lai, Yu-Chi Luo and colleagues from the Austrian Open Air museum in Stuebing - Marcelus Stromer, Hubert Jahnisch, Manfred Liebmann, Karl-Heinz Ulrich, Thomas Beil, Stefan Schweiger.

The building itself was finished within the WWD-event. It was possible to run the mill on March 23rd, 2019 – without grinding grain. Erwin Urdl and colleagues from the museum finished the reconstruction work of the grinding machinery during the summer 2019. The first time grinding grain took place during the Handicrafts day, September 29th 2019. It was the first time setting up a Stockmuehle in Austria since decades.

The final product of the WWD grant is – next to the fully functioning mill – a precise video documentation which can be found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ow6b6XTIykU&t=245s.