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Wood knowledge for future generation
国际木文化学会 | 258 view(s) | 2021/08/06

会议名称:“2021世界木材日”研讨会暨第三届国际林联(IUFRO) 林产品文化研究组讨论会
会议时间:2021年3月22日

报告嘉宾:Andrea Weber, Bed
嘉宾简介:Teacher of Wood Pedagogy, HTL Mödling, Austria

摘要
Austria is a country rich in timber. Almost 50% of its area is covered with forest. Many people work along the value chain of forest-wood-paper. Forest management and wood industry belong to the biggest employers in Austria. Nevertheless, many children know very little about the material wood and how wood can influence our climate. Although, wood industries would be an interesting employer in rural areas, many children do not even think about choosing a profession connected to wood.

In the sense of education of sustainable development, children and teenager should understand wood as a sustainable material. The big challenge of the next generation is mainly seen in the reduction of CO2 emission. Therefore, children have to be trained. It’s necessary to bring solutions and applications. In general, wood as material is very well suited to explain principles of climate change and to illustrate ecological aspects in a simple way. Basic knowledge of wood working is worth being a human resource of our future decision makers.

Moreover, hardly any other material is better in teaching solution competence. Wood is easy to get, it is easy to work with and leads to a quick success. After obtaining basic woodworking skills, technical problems can be solved by children and teenagers by themselves. Being able to solve not standardised problems and being creative will be an important ability for a sustainable earth which is worth living. Especially for teenagers this physical working is very important. They get a visible success and can feel their ability.

Not even 100 years ago, it was self-evident to gain first wood working skills while growing up. Repairing a fence and even building a house was done with a lot of self-effort. Therefore, is was not necessary to teach how to use wood at school. Young family members learned a lot by just doing or by observing their parents. Today, we have a different situation and a lot of knowledge is already lost.

Here the need is given to start teaching programs. In Austria the first steps have been done during the last years. Now the time has come for improvement and development.