2017世界木材日研讨会——Traditional Knowledge and Plant Diversity Conservation in Xishuangbanna of Yunnan, China, Challenge and Opportunity
国际木文化学会 | 1795 view(s) | 2018/11/08
摘要：Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture is located in South Yunnan of China with land area of 192,00 km and one million population and situated in the lower Lancang River (The Upper Mekong) area, the area holds the richest biodiversity in China, recorded vascular plants over 5,000 species making up 1/6 of the total plant diversity of China, of which wild plant species are 3,856 species, distributed in tropical and sub-tropical forest mountains and hilly areas provide important ecological services to the head water of the Mekong and the region. Over the last half century, rapid population increasing and rubber plantation agriculture development was resulting significant forest fragmentation and plant diversity declining that seen as major challenge to the habitat lost of biodiversity and threaten to plant diversity in the area. To face the challenge that never had in its history of the area, people in the area are trying to develop an integrated approach of environmental protection, linking traditional practices of plant resource management and eco-friendly rubber plantation constructions to reduce the negative impact of modern economy development to environment and restoration of forest ecosystems by learning from traditional knowledge and practices.