Tradition and Innovation in Wooden Archecture and Furnishings of the Southern Appalachian Mountains of the USA——2019世界木材日研讨会
国际木文化学会 | 1240 view(s) | 2019/08/27
Emeritus Professor, Northeastern University, USA
Southern Appalachia was first settled in the late eighteenth century, primarily by Scots-Irish and German. Both groups brought woodworking traditions in buildings and furniture, as well as in other cultural forms, such as tools, musical instruments, and basket making.
The survival of traditional forms of wooden architecture and furnishings of the Southern Appalachian region of the United States is the focus of this paper. A region of mountains, upland plateaus, rich soils and regular rainfall, the more than 200 species of the Southern Appalachians form an abundant hard and soft wood cover. These woodlands provided materials and the builders and artisans of the region developed a strong folk traditions in building structure and forms.
The region and its architecture and furnishings forms were largely isolated from the rest of the United States until the 1880s. The expanding lumber and furniture industries helped end the region’s cultural isolation and brought jobs to the area and introduced the rest of the United States to the region’s peoples, their music, and their woodworking. Even though the industries have since left the region, the Southern Appalachians has become home to a flourishing community of artisans, mindful of their traditions as they reach a wider marketplace.