Use of the Wood in the Buildings Refurbishment: Case Stady the Reclamation of a Rural Building in Trentino Region (Italy)——2019世界木材日研讨会
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University of Trento, Italy
The reuse and refurbishment of existing buildings represents, for the future, one of the most important sustainable approaches in the construction industry, considered one of the most responsible for the environmental crisis affecting our planet. The use of wood, a natural and renewable material, is a correct answer to this problem. The sawed wood helps to reduce the greenhouse effect because it incorporates forever in 1 m3 of wood 1,01 ton of CO2. The culture of using wood is not yet part of the Italian housing recovering process.
The Laboratory of Building Design at the University of Trento has developed, from the middle of 2016and the end of 2018, an exemplary case study to promote the wood culture. It consists in the reclamation of an old barn converted into an accommodating building. The adopted constructive solution introduces the use of CLT panels in order to realise an envelope inside the existing building according to the theory developed in 2002 by Prof. Antonio Frattari concerning the concept of “Envelop Within an Envelope”. To increase the environmental sustainability particular attention has been paid to the exploitation of the free energy contributions from the building surrounding and to increase the energy characterization of the envelope in order to realise a Near Zero Energy Building (NZEB) for a sustainable characterization of the building.
关键字: Wooden Building, Reclamation, Accommodating Buildings, NZEB