您现在的位置 : 木材网 > 主题 > 正文
The Socioecological Production Landscapes (SEPLs) of the Philippines: Status, Problems and Future Directions
国际木文化学会 | 130 view(s) | 2022/06/14

会议名称:“2022世界木材日”研讨会暨第四届国际林联(IUFRO)林产品文化研究组讨论会
会议时间:2022年3月22日

报告嘉宾:Anne Frances V. Buhay
嘉宾简介:菲律宾大学洛斯巴尼奥斯菲分校 项目研究助理

摘要:


The dominance of human activities resulting to rapid urbanization and socio-economic growth during the Anthropocene epoch, results to overutilization of natural resources. The anthropocentric perspective prevailing at this time, disrupts the traditional harmonious human-nature relationship in socioecological production landscapes (SEPLs) known as satoyama landscapes in Japan. This is 3 adversely affecting biodiversity and hence, ecosystem services in surrounding communities in the Philippines and beyond. This paper provides an overview of the SEPLs in the Philippine context. This reviews and further the inquiry initiated by Buot and Osumi in 2004, which identified some satoyama landscapes in the Philippines. The objectives of this paper are to present an updated list of socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) in the Philippines; determine their status and problems; analyze their role in sustainable development and map future directions to sustain harmonious human-nature relationship that would result to overflowing ecosystem services. Local and international scientific literature on the status and problems of the identified SEPLs in the Philippines were reviewed.
In addition to the three types identified by Buot and Osumi (2004), nine more are included in this paper. The prevailing problems observed were exploitation of natural resources due increasing population of migrants in the uplands, as an effect of poverty. Simultaneously, the indigenous sustainable practices weaken with the aging population while the youth lack interest in farming, leading to biodiversity and cultural erosion among SEPLs in the Philippines. In order to sustain the harmonious interaction of human and nature, strategic steps are discussed in this paper including strengthening institutional partnerships, empowering our indigenous communities, identifying sitespecific indicators of resilience and ensuring good governance and equitable sharing of resources. These actions are interconnected with the purpose of conserving biodiversity and cultural harmony in the Philippine SEPLs.


责任编辑:iwcs2247H