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Exhibition of the 13th c. Wooden Building from the Vilnius Castles as a Window to the Prehistory of the Rise of the City
国际木文化学会 | 102 view(s) | 2023/05/04

会议名称:2023世界木材日研讨会暨第五届国际林联(IUFRO)林产品文化研究组讨论会
会议时间:2023年3月21日

报告嘉宾:Rūtilė Pukienė
嘉宾简介:立陶宛大公博物馆  树木年代学家

摘要:

On the occasion of the 700th anniversary of the city of Vilnius the exhibition „The Dawn of Gediminas’ City. The Oldest Preserved Wooden Building in Vilnius and its Most Unique Artefacts“ (25 January–25 June 2023) was organised at the National Museum – Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania. The exhibition displays preserved fragments of a wooden building (a barn) with a stave cellar which contained very rare wooden finds like a polychromed saddle-tree made from maple and lime wood, a pair of carved hames of a horse collar from maple wood, a ritual oak wood staff, carved with cosmic and plant motifs, etc. Uniquely crafted leather artefacts like a saddle pad and a pair of red shoes, as well as a golden ring, decorated with a plant motif, shed even more light on the contemporary lifestyle.
The area of the building was barely larger than 10 square metres. Nevertheless, it consisted of two spaces and was of a complex construction combining a log-built part with the cellar and a frame-based part. Mainly young pine trees had been used for the logs, however quite old and thick pines had been selected to produce the planks. The building was dendrochronologically dated to 1282 AD. It was situated at the foot of the Upper Castle Hill next to the Lower Castle and belonged to the period when intense building on the foothill commenced. This building phase predates the first mention of the „royal“ city of Vilnius in the letters by Gediminas, the monarch of Lithuania (1316–1341), written in 1323, and reveals the context of the capital city’s origins.
The featured material cultural heritage, supplemented with background texts, artistically animated 3D reconstruction of the building and interpretation of the contemporary motifs, provides a material link to this prehistory.


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