Wood Management and Arboriculture Practices in the IESSO’s (S. II bC - VI aD) and VILAUBA’s (s. I bD - VII aD) Settlements
国际木文化学会 | 49 view(s) | 2023/05/23
报告嘉宾：Eva Maria López Castillo
Forest management, as a set of applied strategies, is documented through written sources and iconography in the Iberian Peninsula and more specifically in the north-east of the peninsula, based on what can be found in the different classic sources of the age. These practices could have affected different species and with different purposes: improving the production of fruit trees, providing fodder for herds, or obtaining wood of a specific shape and size, for different applications. However, direct evidence of these practices is scarce or difficult to identify in archaeological remains. The aim of this work is approach to the wood management and arboriculture practices in the antiquity and late antiquity in Northeast Iberia (from the 2nd century BC to the 7th century AD), based on the study of archaeological wood remains. Specifically, the results of the study of two sites in Catalonia, within the previously mentioned chronology, are presented, which are the sites of Iesso in Guissona (Lleida), from the Roman period and Vilauba in Camós (Girona), which covers from the Roman period to the Visigothic period. In both cases, the study focuses on the remains recovered from the interior of decommissioned water wells. The methodology used was the application of the roundwood method (Out et al.). A reference collection of cultivated, managed and unmanaged individuals of the species identified in the site has been made. The main characteristics observed in the reference material are presented here and compared with the archaeological materials. The results obtained have made it possible to identify arboricultural practices in Prunus sp. and Vitis vinifera, in addition to possible management practices in taxa such as Sambucus nigra and Salix sp. The results are contextualized with those obtained from other archaeobotanical studies in the sites and in the historical scope of the region.